mining process of copper as flash

mining process of copper as flash

Copper Smelting Process - Furnaces Used, By-Products, and ...

Apr 09, 2010 · Modern copper smelters use processed copper ore fed into a flash furnace, typically fired by oxygen which produces blister copper, being further processed in a converter furnace. Molten copper is poured from here into rectangular moulds, the resulting ingots subjected to electrolysis producing a metal of 99.9% purity. Copper can be recycled indefinitely without the base metal being

(PDF) COPPER PRODUCTION WITH OUTOKUMPU FLASH

Jan 01, 2006 · The process, known as Kennecott-Outokumpu Flash Converting, involves reaction of solidified matte particles with industrial grade oxygen, in a flash furnace, to produce blister copper

mining process of copper as flash - MC World

mining process of copper as flash 2019-11-02T08:11:03+00:00 Copper extraction - Wikipedia Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local ...

Flash smelting - Wikipedia

Flash smelting (Finnish: Liekkisulatus, literally "flame-smelting") is a smelting process for sulfur-containing ores including chalcopyrite.The process was developed by Outokumpu in Finland and first applied at the Harjavalta plant in 1949 for smelting copper ore. It has also been adapted for nickel and lead production.. A second flash smelting system was developed by the International Nickel ...

Copper extraction - Wikipedia

Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtain copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors. As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated). The processing techniques depend on the nature of the ore. If the ore is primarily sulfide copper minerals (such as chalcopyrite), th

Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart

Aug 26, 2015 · Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart. This flowchart made of machinery icons explains or expresses in simple but clear terms the step of the Copper Mining and Copper Extraction Process. Starting from either open-pit or underground mining and using a different relevant treatment method for oxide or sulphide copper mineral (ore).

The Copper Flash CC Smelting Process :: Total Materia Article

Flash smelting is a pyrometallurgical process for smelting metal sulphide concentrates. It is used primarily for copper sulphide concentrates, but it is also used to a significant extent for nickel sulphide concentrates. The flash smelting process for sulphide concentrates was developed by the Finnish mining company, Outokumpu Oy, from 1948 ...

The Influence of Sodium on the Burning Behavior of Copper ...

Jan 01, 2019 · The Kennecott-Outotec Flash Converting technology has been proven as an advanced and mature process in 5 individual plants during the past 2 decades. High grade copper matte (65–72%) produced in the flash smelting, or other smelting technologies is granulated to 3-5mm granules in a water torrent, and further crushed to fine powder (≈50µm ...

Outotec to deliver copper Flash Smelting and ... - MINING.COM

Nov 21, 2011 · Outotec® Flash Smelting combined with Kennecott-Outotec® Flash Converting is the cleanest copper smelting method available. Outotec® Flash Smelting Process makes use of the reaction heat of ...

Copper Smelting Process - Furnaces Used, By-Products, and ...

Apr 09, 2010 · Modern copper smelters use processed copper ore fed into a flash furnace, typically fired by oxygen which produces blister copper, being further processed in a converter furnace. Molten copper is poured from here into rectangular moulds, the resulting ingots subjected to electrolysis producing a metal of 99.9% purity. Copper can be recycled indefinitely without the base metal being

(PDF) COPPER PRODUCTION WITH OUTOKUMPU FLASH SMELTING

The process, known as Kennecott-Outokumpu Flash Converting, involves reaction of solidified matte particles with industrial grade oxygen, in a flash furnace, to produce blister copper and a small ...

Flash Smelting - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Feb 03, 2011 · The novel flash ironmaking process, conceived by Sohn [52] at the University of Utah, is based on the gaseous reduction of iron oxide concentrates in a flash reactor. It takes advantage of the large specific area of fine particles of iron ore concentrate, much like the flash smelting of copper or nickel sulfide concentrate.

Copper Smelting and Refining Process | Pan Pacific Copper

The copper concentrates are fed through the flash smelting furnace with oxygen-enriched air. In the furnace, the concentrates are instantly oxidized, after which they melt and separate by their own reaction heat into copper matte with a grade of 65% and slag consisting of

Innovations: Introduction to Copper: Mining & Extraction

Copper Applications in Metallurgy of Copper & Copper Alloys. Copper minerals and ores are found in both igneous and sedimentary rocks. Mining of copper ores is carried out using one of two methods. Underground mining is achieved by sinking shafts to the appropriate levels and then driving horizontal tunnels, called adits, to reach the ore.

Nickel: smelting, producing-Metalpedia

Flash smelting. Flash smelting (Finnish: Liekkisulatus) is a smelting process for sulfur-containing ores including chalcopyrite. The process was developed by Outokumpu in Finland and first applied at the Harjavalta plant in 1949 for smelting copper ore. It has also been adapted for nickel and lead production.

Mining Flashcards | Quizlet

The prices for process metals and coal do not reflect full-cost pricing. The costs of cleaning up the air and water are not taken into account-increasingly, damage done to the environment as a result of mining is being passed on to society and future generations. Mining companies have little incentive to reduce resource waste and pollution.

Copper: Automation, Isolation & Controls | Bray

Copper mining and concentrates production is a complex process requiring a symphony of operations using specialized equipment and techniques such as explosives and earth moving equipment to extract and transport the raw ore to the processing plant for crushing and grinding operations before the ore undergoes a refining process to create concentrates such as leaching and electrowinning or froth ...

Copper mining at its most efficient - YouTube

Mar 02, 2012 · At Sweden largest copper mine, Boliden Aitik, it takes 1000 kgs of earth to obtain three kgs of copper. The mine, located near Gällivare inside the Arctic Ci...

The Mining Process at Copper Mountain Mine - YouTube

Oct 11, 2013 · About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators ...

How copper is made - material, used, processing, steps ...

The slag may be fed back into the flash furnace to act as a flux, and the sulfur dioxide is processed through the acid plant. After the slag is removed, a final injection of oxygen removes all but a trace of sulfur. The resulting molten material is called the blister and contains about 99% copper by weight.

Mining Engineering Online

Jul 21, 2021 · Outotec’s scope of delivery is based on the Outotec Flash Smelting, Flash Converting and Lurec technology. It includes the design and supply of key process equipment and process control systems for the main areas of the smelter complex, the copper electrolytic refinery, the gas cleaning and sulfuric acid plant, the slag ...

Chuquicamata Copper Mine - Mining Technology | Mining

“The Chuquicamata mine is a large open pit copper mine located 1,650km north of Santiago, Chile.” The tunnels will deepen the mine by nearly 787m by the end of production in 2060. The underground mine will be developed at an estimated cost of $4.2bn and will produce an

Home - International Mining

International Mining (IM) is a global publication covering mining and minerals processing technology, methods, equipment and services. Read principally by the mining industry itself, it helps extractive operations, both surface and underground, keep abreast of the latest innovations and solutions to help them lower costs, increase performance and availability, enhance safety and of course ...

METAL MINING TECHNOLOGY IN JAPAN 8

the flash furnace process, and as a consequence of which, the flash furnaces were further introduced into such smelters as Kosaka, Saganoseki, Toyo and Tamano. Today, the flash furnace produces about seventy percent of copper in Japan. Worldwide, twenty three copper smelting flash furnaces are in operation at twenty two smelters. 3.

Copper Mining and Processing: Life Cycle of a Mine | Superfund

Prospecting and exploration are precursors to mining and often occur simultaneously; together, they can take two to eight years to complete, and may cost from $500,000 to $15 million overall. Prospecting is the process of searching the region for mineral deposits. Historically, prospectors would explore a region on foot with a pick and shovel.

(PDF) Mass balance calculations in copper flash smelting ...

Feb 13, 2021 · Abstract and Figures. This paper presents mass balance calculations using genetic algorithms for copper smelting in an Outokumpu flash furnace. Based on the elemental composition of the copper ...

Copper Smelting Technology Trends - LinkedIn

Aug 23, 2017 · Flash smelting accounts for over 50% of copper matte smelting globally. It involves blowing oxygen-rich air, dried Cu-Fe-S concentrate, silica flux and recycled materials into a

Flash smelting and converting furnaces: A 50 year ...

1999 marked the 50th anniversary of the Outokumpu flash-smelting process. Originating during the post-World War II energy crisis, flash smelting is a high-intensity process developed to attain ever-increasing throughputs and intensities. Many innovations and continuous development ensued during the next 50 years before today’s state-of-the-art copper-making process chain and environmental ...

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper | ScienceDirect

In principal, the energy, operating, and capital costs of producing metallic copper are also minimized by the single-furnace process. Metallic copper is obtained in a flash furnace by setting the ratio of oxygen input in the blast to concentrate feed rate to the point where all the Fe and S

Copper processing - Roasting, smelting, and converting ...

Copper processing - Copper processing - Roasting, smelting, and converting: Once a concentrate has been produced containing copper and other metals of value (such as gold and silver), the next step is to remove impurity elements. In older processes the concentrate, containing between 5 and 10 percent water, is first roasted in a cylindrical, refractory-lined furnace of either the hearth or ...

Major Mines & Projects | New Afton Mine

Copper-gold-silver mineralization occurs as disseminations and fracture-filling sulphide grains occurring in three roughly tabular east-west striking, steeply dipping bodies. The Main Zone, as its name suggests, is the principal zone of mineralization. Present mining operations are located within the Main Zone.

Copper: Eight companies with promising assets - MINING.COM

Oct 20, 2020 · The operation would produce an average of 67,000 tonnes copper, 159,000 oz. gold, 8.7 million oz. silver, at average cash costs of $1.23 per lb. copper, on a co-product basis, over the life of the ...

A Look at the Largest Copper Smelters - ThoughtCo

Nov 20, 2019 · Chuquicamata (Codelco)—1.6 mta. Codelco's Chuquicamata smelter is fed by the Chuquicamata (or Chuqui) copper mine, one of the world's largest open-pit copper mines in the world. Located in northern Chile, Chuqui's smelting facilities were initially installed in the early 1950s. 02. of 11.

Oyu Tolgoi - Rio Tinto

Oyu Tolgoi, in the South Gobi region of Mongolia, is one of the largest known copper and gold deposits in the world. It is also one of the most modern, safe and sustainable operations in the world. When the underground is complete, it will be the world’s fourth largest copper mine. Open pit mining began at Oyu Tolgoi in 2011 and the copper ...

Copper | Geoscience Australia

At Olympic Dam the concentrate is flash-smelted directly to blister copper. In this process copper concentrate is fed into the smelter with oxygen-enriched air. The fine concentrate reacts or 'flashes' instantaneously as the sulfur fraction of the copper sulfides is burnt and becomes sulfur dioxide gas.

Sulphide Flotation - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The Platsol™ process was originally developed in Canada for the treatment of flotation sulfide concentrate for Polymet Mining Company in Minnesota and subsequently tested on other PGM concentrates. This process involved codissolution of base metals (copper and nickel), gold, and PGMs via addition of chloride to the autoclave.

Norilsk Mining Centre - Mining Technology | Mining News ...

The Norilsk mining centre lies in the Russian High Arctic, about 2800km north east of Moscopgw. The world’s leading nickel and palladium producer, and a significant supplier of copper, the operations support a community of some 300,000. Direct employment is around 80,000, with plans to